The yurt was a practical living space of the nomad people, who were always on the hike, just like ancient Hungarians. This tent-like building with its dome – shaped top and latticework of pieces of wood and cover of felt is a result of the lifestyle of communities who were raising animals for a living. The importance of the yurt is that it was easy to move on to another place with it, which was extremely crucial in the steppe lifestyle that was highly affected by the change of seasons.
The round lettice walls of the yurt (’kerege’) held the round-shaped ’smoke hatch’ on the top of the building, which was held by a fork-shaped rod (’istenfa’) by the time of the construction of the yurt. A rope was tied very tightly around the ’kerege’, so it assured that the yurt would not collapse after the ’istenfa’ was removed.
Just like at old times, the yurt is still a very useful living place for those, who can not stand being soil-bound, and like to „pop up” at different places. Of course, it is still the safest to do it on an own property. Nowadays more and more people discovers that a yurt is not a primitive residence, but it is a special, characteristic home that can be equipped with modern furniture and household appliances. All in all, a yurt is a real mobile home.

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    Kazah-kyrgyz yurt

  • Kazah-kyrgyz yurt The Kazakh yurt is a very decorative building that is pleasant to the eye. It is characterized by high roof structure and  round sidewalls. Its roof trees are bend, not supported by rods, the inner space of this type of yurts is more spacious.  It is not as stable as the Mongolian type.
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    Mongol yurt

  • Mongol yurt The roof trees of this type of yurts are straight, and the ’smoke hatch’ is held by two rods. Its structure is stable, massive, and weather – fend. Usually they have one-winged doors which can be opened from the inside. In most cases, the diameter of these yurts is 4-6 meters, but it is possible to find bigger ones as well.

Primary commodities

For the lettice structure, we use knurl-free larch-wood or ashen pieces of wood. These pieces are steam-bend, in order to follow the bow of the circle, because without the bending, the pieces would be hollow.

Larch is very weather – fend, its life span is very long.

Ashen is not very durable, but one of the most flexible woods, a massive lettice structure can be made of it. The pieces of this structure is tied to each other with wet buff leather.

The spars, the door and the roof circle are made of spruce.

Wood is handled with linseed oil, thus they have a nice, yellowish colour and it helps in preserving, however the door and the lower part of the lettice structure should be handled by special waterproof paint that balks the appearance of fungus.

The cover of the yurt is made of three pieces. First, we put an inner linen cover on the spars. On the top of this, a felt cover is applied on the whole surface of the yurt, and finally a waterproof canopy layer is put on. Lagging can be more effective by using more layers of felt, that has the advantage of being durable and having really effective lagging and sound-absorbing characteristics.